History 104, Block 9, 2004

Modern Europe and Its Critics

History 104




Exams & Quizzes

History Dept.

Christine's other Cornell courses



Map Quiz
7 May 2004

Directions: You will be responsible for knowing the location & name of ALL of the following countries on the Map of Europe provided. Each country name is worth 2 pts. (1 for identification, 1 for spelling), with the exception of Bosnia & Herzegovina and Serbia & Montenegro (each worth 3 pts.) and The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (worth 4 pts.).

  • Albania
  • Andorra
  • Armenia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Bosnia & Herzegovina
  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • The Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Lichtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macedonia
  • Malta
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • The Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • The Russian Federation
  • San Marino
  • Serbia & Montenegro
  • The Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Turkey
  • Ukraine
  • The United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland
  • Vatican City

Midterm Exam
14 May 2004

Directions: You must comment on 10 of the 20 documents provided. For each document you say who wrote it (1 pt. for name, which must be spelled correctly), the context/motivation/consequences of the document (6 pts.), and you will also need to address what the quote itself is discussing (3 pts.). Be sure all of your answer is written in full, complete sentences!

1. "That the Universities and Colledges of Saint Andrews Glasgow Aberdeen and Edinburgh as no Established by Law shall Continue within this Kingdom for ever." (from The Act of Union)

2. "But countries which contribute neither revenue nor military force towards the support of the empire, cannot be considered as provinces. They may perhaps be considered as appendages, as a sort of splendid and showy equipage of the empire." (from The Wealth of Nations: Of Colonies)

3. "Immaturity is the incapacity to use one's intelligence without the guidance of another." (from What is Enlightenment?)

4. "Consequently, he is guilty if he wastes the money of the people, the taxes which they have paid, in luxury, pomp and debauchery." (from Essay on Forms of Government)

5. "Nowhere was conversation more lively, more brilliant, or better regulated than at her house." (from Salon Life)

6. "It is impossible to say what place the two privileged orders ought to occupy in the social order: this is the equivalent of asking what place one wishes to assign to a malignant tumor that torments and undermines the strength of the body of a sick person." (from What is the Third Estate?)

7. "Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. Social distinctions may be founded only upon the general good." (from The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen)

8. "…that to avoid compromising herself she had decided to send twenty-four copies to the Committee of Public Safety, which, two days later, had her arrested." (from Letters on the Trial)

9. "I was bound, in duty to my fellow-citizens, to the soldiers perishing in our armies, and to the national glory acquired at the cost of so much blood, to accept the command." (from The Coup d'état of 18 Brumaire)

10. "Answer: Yes, for it is he whom God has raised up in trying times to re-establish the public worship of the holy religion of our fathers and to be its protector; he has re-established and preserved public order by his profound and active wisdom; he defends the state by his mighty arm…." (from The Imperial Catechism)

11. "Their principle is plain, rational, and consistent. It is this - to admit the middle class to a large and direct share in the representation, without any violent shock to the institutions of our country." (from On the Reform Bill of 1832)

12. "Owing to the extensive use of machinery and to division of labor, the work of the proletarians has lost all individual character, and, consequently, all charm for the workman. He becomes an appendage of the machine, and it is only the most simple, most monotonous, and most easily acquired knack, that is required of him." (from The Communist Manifesto)

13. "In return for these allotments the peasant families shall be required to pay rent to the landlords, as fixed by the provisions of the law. Under these conditions, which are temporary, the peasants shall be designated as 'temporarily bound.'" (from Emancipation of the Serfs)

14. "Biographies of great, but especially of good men, are nevertheless most instructive and useful, as helps, guides, and incentives to others." (from Self Help)

15. "…all are equally and utterly irreconcilable with the degrading notion of the brute origin of him who was created in the image of God…" (from On Darwin's Origin of Species)

16. "It arose from the fact that from the very earliest twilight of human society, every woman (owing to the value attached to her by men, combined with her inferiority in muscular strength) was found in a state of bondage to some man…." (from The Subjection of Women)

17. "Our Italian tradition is essentially republican; our great memories are republican; the whole history of our national progress is republican…" (from Instructions to Young Italy)

18. "I was at once released, on condition of giving my parole that I would not rejoin the French army for at least seven days." (from A War Correspondent in the Franco-Prussian War)

19. "The present Additional Article shall have the same force and validity as if it were inserted, word for word, in the Treaty of this day." (from The Treaty of London for Greek Independence)

20. "It shall now be my task to see to it that this place in the sun shall remain our undisputed possession…." (from A Place in the Sun)

Extra Credit (Optional)
(6 pts. possible to be added to your midterm exam grade)

Directions: For the question on each film you must provide an answer of 4-5 sentences.

  1. At the start of the film Ridicule the following quotation was shown on the screen: "In this country, vices are without consequence, but ridicule can kill." What was meant by this statement? (2 pts.)

  2. For those who watched Master & Commander in class, what scene do you wish you had been able to see in color, and why? For those who watched it on their own, which scene can you not imagine seeing in black & white, and why? (2 pts.)

  3. In the film An Ideal Husband, what characteristics made for an ideal husband or wife? (2 pts.)



Vocabluary Quiz
21 May 2004

Directions: You will need to provide two sentences for each term you identify. One sentence of definition, and one sentence providing an example or historical context as discussed in class. Each term worth 2½ pts. (for a total of 100 pts. possible), with the extra ½pt. being for proper sentence structure. The terms to study are as follows:

Group #1 - 18th Century Europe
(you will need to identify 12 of 15 on the quiz)

  • Absolutism/Absolute Monarchy
  • Constitutional Monarchy
  • Divine Right
  • Succession
  • Culloden
  • Moral Philosophy
  • Laissez-faire Economics
  • Enlightenment/Age of Reason
  • Enlightened Despot
  • Philosophes/Literati
  • Salons
  • Deism
  • Estates General
  • Tennis Court Oath
  • Sans-coulottes
  • Bastille (Day)
  • The Great Fear
  • Active/Passive Citizens
  • Reign of Terror
  • Guillotine

Group #2 - 19th Century Europe
(you will need to identify 12 of 15 on the quiz)

  • Consulate
  • Code Napoleon
  • Battle of Trafalgar/Battle of Waterloo
  • Universal Suffrage
  • The Ballot Act
  • Bourgeoisie
  • Proletariat
  • The Dardanelles
  • The Crimean War
  • H.M.S. Beagle
  • Social Darwinism
  • Race Suicide
  • Kulturkampf
  • The Franco-Prussian War
  • Alsace & Lorraine
  • Red Shirts
  • New Imperialism
  • Extraterritoriality
  • Protectorate
  • Meiji Restoration

Group #3 - 20th Century Europe
(you will need to identify 16 of 20 on the quiz)

  • Triple Alliance/Triple Entente
  • Militarism
  • The Schlieffen Plan
  • Verdun/The Somme
  • U-boats
  • Armistice
  • Self-determination
  • Fourteen Points/The League of Nations
  • Reparations
  • Total War
  • Bolsheviks
  • Soviet
  • 5 Year Plan/Kulaks
  • Fasci
  • Enabling Act
  • Ministry of Popular
  • Enlightenment
  • Lebensraum
  • Anschluss
  • Blitzkrieg
  • D-Day
  • Hiroshima/Nagasaki
  • Containment
  • The European Recovery Program
  • N.A.T.O.
  • The Warsaw Pact
  • The Berlin Wall
  • Détente
  • Perestroika
  • Glasnost
  • Solidarity

Final Exam

Directions: You must comment on 10 of the 20 documents provided. For each document you say who wrote it (1 pt. for name, which must be spelled correctly), the context/motivation/consequences of the document (6 pts.), and you will also need to address what the quote itself is discussing (3 pts.). Be sure all of your answer is written in full, complete sentences!

1. "…the High Contracting Parties are bound to come to the assistance one of the other with the whole war strength of their Empires…" (from The Dual Alliance)

2. "This organization prefers terrorist action to intellectual propaganda, and for this reason it must remain absolutely secret." (from The Constitution of the Black Hand)

3. "In Flanders Fields the poppies blow/Between the crosses, row on row..." (from In Flanders Fields)

4. "In view of the dislocation of affairs…it is important to ascertain in some way…what reserve of educated women is available to fill the vacant places, and carry on the civil life of the country." (from Letter to Recruit Women Workers in Glasgow)

5. "Crowds being only capable of thinking in images are only to be impressed by images." (from Mass Psychology)

6. "What we must now try is to convert every electric power station we build into a stronghold of enlightenment…" (from Modernizing Russia)

7. "THE JEW IS THE CAUSE AND THE BENEFICIARY OF OUR MISERY. …He is the real cause for our loss of the Great War." (from the Nazi Propaganda Pamphlet)

8. "Another great pageant tonight. Two hundred thousand party officials…with their twenty-one thousand flags unfurled…" (from Report on a Nazi Party Rally)

9. "We had no treaty obligations and no legal obligations to Czechoslovakia and if we had said that, we feel that we should have received no support from the people of this country…." (from Speech on the Munich Crisis)

10. "We in this country…have a perfect right to exalt the principle of self-determination, but it comes ill out of the mouths of those in totalitarian States…." (from A Disaster of the First Magnitude)

11. "The leaders of the three great powers…have agreed that in two or three months after Germany has surrendered and the war in Europe is terminated, the Soviet Union shall enter into war against Japan on the side of the Allies…" (from The Yalta Conference)

12. "From what I have seen of our Russian friends and allies during the war, I am convinced that there is nothing they admire so much as strength, and there is nothing for which they have less respect than for weakness, especially military weakness." (from the Iron Curtain Speech)

13. "In this respect, one is reminded remarkably of Hitler and his friends. Hitler began to set war loose by announcing his racial theory, declaring that only people speaking the German language represent a fully valuable nation." (from Response to the Iron Curtain Speech)

14. "No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment." (from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

15. "…but woman cannot even dream of exterminating the males." (from The Second Sex)

16. "Democracy is important to sustained development - and underdevelopment can be democracy's greatest threat." (from The Queen's Commonwealth Day Message)

17. "The British people were not given the full facts about the reasons for going to war and public trust in government will not be restored while the person who broke that trust remains in post." (from Release Our Potential)

18. "Let us educate our children on the subject. …Let us stress the importance of multilingualism." (from Speech to the European Parliament)

19. "We are pleased that the Ministers and Parliament have accepted that the unique milkier chocolate so popular in the UK and Ireland can continue to be called simply Milk Chocolate in these countries." (from the Chocolate Directive)

20. "Convinced that, while remaining proud of their own national identities and history, the peoples of Europe are determined to transcend their ancient divisions, and united in an ever closer fashion, to forge a common destiny…" (from Europe's Draft Constitution)

Extra Credit
(6 pts. possible to be added to your midterm exam grade)

Directions: For the question on each film you must provide an answer of 4-5 sentences.

1. What sorts of tactics were used by Stalin's government to maintain control of the people in Burnt By the Sun? Discuss one or two. (2 pts.)

2. Describe the moment/scene you found the most memorable in Life is Beautiful. (2 pts.)

3. Describe one of the following characters from Trainspotting: Renton, Spud, Sick Boy, Begbie, or Diane. (2 pts.)

Maintained by: Christine Myers  
Christine Myers, History 104, Block 9, 2004 ©2004 Cornell College; All Rights Reserved